The window of opportunity is closing for South Sudan, on the road to lasting peace – global problems

“This includes the full and proper participation of women in all the mechanisms provided for by [Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan]”, said Nicholas Haysomwho is also the head of the UN mission there (UNMISS).

Signs of progress

Despite the delays, he said progress has been made. The parties overcame the critical impasse to reach a breakthrough agreement on a single joint command structure for the Necessary Joint Forces on 3 April.

The formation of the reconstituted transitional legislature at national and state level has already been completed and renewed legislative activity and debate is evident.

“The fact that at least some of the political differences are fighting in parliament, not outside it, is a welcome development“He added.

He also said that the recent extension of the mandate of the National Commission for Constitutional Change will now allow the revision of the National Elections Act – a prerequisite for starting the electoral and legislative framework – the adoption by parliament of the 2021/22 national budget after nine -Monthly delay will allow more advances.

Call for leadership, resources

“What is needed is national leadership, resources and visible commitment from the leaders of South Sudan to fulfill their obligations under the peace agreement, “he said. He called on the parties to take the necessary steps to exit the transition period.

In particular, he called on them negotiate a roadmap – as called for by the African Union, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the re-established Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission and the United Nations – to carry out outstanding tasks.

These include diplomacy and the deployment of the necessary joint forces, the approval of pending legislation on the constitutional process and national elections, and critical reforms from the security sector, the judiciary and the financial sector.

Cattle raids, kidnappings, revenge killings

“The main scale of the upcoming tasks requires the full and unrestricted attention of the international communityHe assured.

Referring to the scale of the simmering violence across the country – which is now spreading from north to south and east to west – he said that in Eastern and Central Equatoria, the states of Unity, Warap and Jonglei, and the Abei administrative district, violence has civilians suffered numerous attacks, fueling a cycle of cattle raids, kidnappings, revenge killings and gender-based violence.

He said that only this year, more than 80 percent of civilian casualties are due to inter-community violence and community militias.

While UNMISS apply an increasingly mobile and healthy posture, “frankly, we can’t be everywhere. ” The three – year strategic vision requested by Security Councilit remains the framework for its integrated efforts, he assured ambassadors.

Humanitarian “deterioration”

Ghada Mudawi, Acting Director of the Operations and Advocacy Division of the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), said “most humanitarian indicators have deteriorated“From the end of 2021.

As localized violence continued, resettlement and battles for resources such as livestock ensued. Women and girls are at serious risk of gender-based violence.

Risk of starvation

When it gets as bad as in South Sudan, the specter of famine and even famine appears“She pointed out that South Sudan is now facing a fourth year of above-average rainfall, which has disrupted the agricultural season and limited food production.

She also said at least 500,000 people are likely to be affected by the 2022 floods.

With over two million internally displaced South Sudanese and 2.3 million living as refugees, she called on the government to address the problems holding people in detention: insecurity, explosive hazards, lack of basic services and unresolved housing, land and property issues.

Against this background, she assured this humanitarian partners are “committed to stay and deliver”.

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