The FDA approves Pfizer and Moderna’s Covid vaccines for children under 6 months of age

Vials of Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna coronavirus vaccine labels (COVID-19) can be seen in this illustrative photograph taken on 19 March 2021.

Dado Ruvich Reuters

The Food and Drug Administration allowed on Friday Modern and PfizerCovid-19 vaccines for children aged 6 months, which makes almost everyone in the United States already eligible for vaccination.

The FDA’s decision comes after a panel of independent vaccine experts voted unanimously to recommend the vaccines, after weighing their safety and effectiveness during a full-day meeting Wednesday that was open to the public.

However, one more step remains before vaccinations begin. The Committee on Centers for Disease Control and Prevention will meet on Saturday to vote on guidelines for pharmacies and doctors’ offices. The director of the CDC, Dr. Rochelle Valensky must then sign these guidelines before the children can start receiving the shots.

The White House expects vaccinations to begin immediately on Tuesday. Initially, appointments may be limited, but any parent who wants to vaccinate their child should be able to do so within weeks, according to Dr. Ashish Ja, who oversees the Biden administration Covid answer.

The federal government has made 10 million doses of Pfizer and Moderna available to state and local governments.

Children under the age of 5 were the only people left in the United States who did not qualify for vaccination. Many parents wait months for the FDA to approve vaccines for their children.

Dr Arnold Monto, acting chairman of the FDA committee, said it had taken longer for the agency to allow injections for the youngest children than for other ages, as they are a vulnerable group that requires special care. to make sure that the injections are safe and effective.

Pfizer and Moderna vaccines differ in the number of vaccines they use, the dose level and the age to receive them. The Pfizer vaccine also appears to be more effective than the Moderna vaccine in children under 5 years of age, although preliminary data are available.

The Pfizer vaccine is given in three doses to children from 6 months to 4 years of age. The injections are dosed at 3 micrograms, one tenth of what adults receive. Three injections were approximately 75% effective in preventing omicron infection in 6-month-old to 2-year-old children and 82% effective in 2- to 4-year-old children.

However, it is crucial that parents who choose Pfizer make sure that their children receive the third injection to protect against the virus. Two doses are only about 14% effective in preventing infection in children under 2 years of age and 33% effective in those aged 2 to 4 years.

Moderna vaccine is given in two doses to children from 6 months to 5 years of age. The injections are dosed at 25 micrograms, a quarter of the level that adults receive.

Moderna vaccine is about 51% effective in preventing omicron infection in children aged 6 months to 2 years and about 37% effective in children aged 2 to 5 years. However, the company expects the vaccine to provide strong protection against severe disease, as children had higher levels of antibodies than adults who received two doses.

The most common side effects of vaccines are pain at the injection site, irritability and crying, loss of appetite and drowsiness, according to the FDA. Very few children who receive one of the two injections develop a fever higher than 102 degrees Fahrenheit, and there are no cases of myocarditis, a type of heart inflammation, in the Pfizer or Moderna trials.

This is breaking news. Please check again for updates.

CNBC Health and Science

Read CNBC’s latest global coverage of the Covid pandemic:

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.