Kharif’s sowing activities are still gaining momentum in most states, as the interrupted monsoon has left 84% of the country’s geographical area dry up. However, higher sown areas in large agricultural countries such as Uttar Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Gujarat and Chhattisgarh indicate that the rate of sowing is likely to improve with rains that will increase over the next few weeks.
The total area for Harif crops decreased by 8 percent to 99.63 lakh hectares (lh) as of June 17 against 108.29 lh in the same period a year ago. With the exception of sugar cane, where sowing is already above the normal area of 47.53 lh, most other crops report a decline in area.
The area of rice, the main grain harif, decreased by 30.3% to 8.73 lh, although it was higher by about 44,000 hectares in Uttar Pradesh, the second largest rice producer after West Bengal.
Area with large cereals
The area of legumes decreased by 7.4% to 4.39 lh, while the sowing of oilseeds decreased by 17.9% to 4.75 lh, according to a weekly update of the Ministry of Agriculture. The area under large cereals decreased by more than 30% to 6.81 lh, and the area under cotton decreased by nearly 6% at 19.06 lh. The area of sugar cane increased by 1.9% to 49.38 lh.
Among the legumes until June 17 is sown tour of 1.06 lh, moong 1.9 lh and government of 53,000 hectares. Sowing of peanuts in 3.2 lh and soybeans on 62,000 hectares were reported. For large cereals, the area of maize reaches 4.96 lh, bajra 45,000 hectares and jowar 36,000 hectares.
The total area for kharif crops in Uttar Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Gujarat and Chhattisgarh is slightly higher than last year, the data show.
In terms of cotton, Gujarat reported an area of 1.33 lh against 0.99 lh a year ago, while Maharashtra covered 0.53 lh (2.7 lh), Haryana 6.25 lh (6.66 lh), Rajasthan 4 , 73 lh (4.74 lh (4.74 lh), Punja lh (4.74 lh). Lh), Madhya Pradesh 1.38 lh (1.5 lh) and Karnataka 1.21 lh (0.59 lh) ).
Deficit of precipitation
Meanwhile, the deficit of precipitation during the current monsoon season (June-September) has shrunk to 18 percent from normal by June 17 from 32 percent to June 15. According to the Indian Meteorological Department, the country as a whole received 58 percent above normal rainfall for one day on June 17. Only 10 states and territories of the Union have received normal or more rainfall, while 26 others have had deficits so far since 1 June.
According to the Central Water Commission, the level of reservoirs in 143 reservoirs in the country as of June 16 is 29 percent of the combined storage capacity of 177.46 billion cubic meters (BCM), while the average for the last 10 years to date is 22 cents.
June 17, 2022